Rule Capitalization by Following these Simple Rules

Rule Capitalization by Following these Simple Rules

What is capitalization? It refers to the first letter of a word being written in uppercase and the remaining letters in lowercase.

Knowing proper capitalization can ruin or elevate a composition. If you have had trouble following the rules of capitalization, then this blog can help!

Here are some easy rules to keep in mind when using capitalization in your written work:

First Words

Both the first words of the document and the one after a word need to be capital.

Proper Nouns

Any proper nouns, such as the Eiffel Tower, will need to be capitalized, as well as, any adjectives derived from proper nouns.

Often, some names become words and are included in common vernacular. When that happens, even though they used to be proper nouns before, they will not require capitalization. For instance, the character from Don Quixote, a classic novel, has lent his name. People with similar characteristics as Don Quixote are now called quixotic.

For future reference, the following must be capitalized, so that the focus of a sentence remains on these words. Examples for each have been included in parentheses:

  • Companies (Ford)
  • Governmental matters (the Bill of Rights)
  • Historical episodes and eras (French Revolution)
  • Institutions (Cambridge)
  • Natural and manmade landmarks (Old Faithful)
  • Organizations (Apple)
  • Races, nationalities, and tribes (African)
  • Special occasions (Christmas)
  • Brand names (Pepsi)
  • Days of the week (Monday)
  • Months of the year (January)
  • Holidays (Thanksgiving)
  • Manmade structures (Taj Mahal)
  • Planets (Jupiter)
  • Religions and names of deities (Kali)
  • Streets and roads (Fleet Street)

On the other hand, the following should not be capitalized unless they are a proper noun/ adjective:

  • Animals (lion)
  • Foods (Italian dressing)
  • Medical conditions (Epstein-Barr syndrome)
  • Plants (poinsettias)
  • Vegetables (potato)
  • Fruits (mangoes)
  • Elements (radium)
  • Heavenly bodies (sun)
  • Minerals (manganese)
  • Seasons (summer)


If a title is used in place of a name, after it, or is followed by a comma, then it doesn’t require capitalization.

For example:

  • The queen will address the Senate.
  • Queen of the Neverland, Maisie Selleck, will be present at the conference.
  • The queen, Maisie Selleck, will be present.


Do not confuse somebody’s occupation, such as coach, director, and owner, for their title. If the occupation is preceding their names, it won’t be capitalized, such as artist Leonardo Da Vinci.

Names of Places

If the name of a county, city, or town, is preceding its proper name, then capitalization isn’t necessary. For instance, you can write, the city of Paris without the “c” being capital.


Whether the first word arrives in the middle of a sentence, it must be capitalized when you write down a complete quotation. For instance, Mark said, “We are going to show them who’s boss.”

These rules might seem a bit difficult to you at first but all you need to become a pro at them is to practice as often as you can. If that doesn’t help, then My English Is Good, sure will!

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